An open letter to Gerry Brownlee, surgically exploring his cranium, and finding some fossils inside


Your stocktakeMaximising Our Mineral Potential, is not an exercise in balancing the environment and the economy. This is an exercise in what you think you can get away with.

I thought I would dismiss it as “specious”, but “specious” is the wrong word. This is simply stupid.

Last August, you would not rule out mining in environmentally sensitive places, if the minerals beneath were worth enough. You said we were hysterical then, too. Your proposal to facilitate that, and your advocacy of it, are written down now, for all to read. Now, you’re refusing to rule out open cast mining in such places. Although, case by case, you’re backing down, forgive us for being a bit worried.

In fact, this is not hysteria. I’ve listened to your argument. I understand it very well. I accept that 7,058 hectares is a tiny parcel of land in the scheme of things, that the damaged portions of such land might be smaller yet, that they would be subject to consideration on a case by case basis, and that approvals would have to meet National Parks Act and Resource Management Act safeguards.

I understand all that. I simply don’t agree with it. Philosophically, you and I are on different planets. Indeed, I wish you were, since you persist in trying to dig up this one.

Included on your list of prospective minerals are coal and peat and lignite (the latter for conversion to fuel and fertiliser). These are carbon-intensive substances and processes; the cost is not only the mine, but all the downstream costs. In particular, lignite for fertiliser is a multi-hit on the environment: it emits carbon in conversion, nitrous oxide on application – both of which are greenhouse gases – and runs off into our water. It would be irresponsible to support any such mining proposal, in any location; therefore, I do not. In Schedule 4, where the coal (Paparoa) and peat (Coromandel) are sought, the insult is particularly acute.

It might, perhaps, be different if you were talking about a very short term, closely managed strategy to ease New Zealand’s transport fuel dependency through peak oil. It is clear from your document that this is not the case:

“If extracted at a rate of 20 million tonnes per year, the lignite resource could provide feedstock for most of New Zealand’s transport fuel and petrochemical requirements for 200 years or more,” it says.

It also mentions carbon capture. From what I read, this is still an elusive technology. Let’s nail down carbon capture first, then we can talk about the mining... maybe. But an economy re-geared to clean tech and sustainable farming practices would be better, then we could just leave the carbon in the ground.

Rare earth elements and precious minerals (eg, gold-silver) are the other gleams in your eye. Mining these is not environmentally responsible or sustainable either, but it is true the equation is different from the fossil fuels, or could be, if high value was proved. But all we have established to date is their highly speculative value. As you said yourself:

“Look, I think the numbers are always going to be all over the show. Until you get something out of the ground, you simply don’t know what the story is.”

Set off against that gamble, we have non-controversial conservation values. The government is not further investigating the potential of Kahurangi and Aspiring National Parks, which will remain untouched in Schedule 4. These, I deduce, were considered too iconic. And yet, Fiordland is still in the gun. In fact, almost every tabulated item on pp 9-10 of your stocktake has high, very high, or iconic conservation values, including half a dozen UNESCO world heritage sites. I do not support any appropriation of such land for your purposes. Therefore, there’s no point expending several more millions of our dollars investigating it.

Kahurangi and Aspiring are the reasons the stocktake reeks of what you can get away with. Your fellow Cabinet members, I imagine, wanted to be able to point to compromise, to be seen to be reasonable, and centrist. But compromise, on Schedule 4, is not good enough. That Schedule was itself a compromise. It is only 13% of New Zealand. You can dig up 87% of the country if you want to, including most of the conservation estate.

In the Otahu ecological and Parakawai geological areas, your stocktake has identified “excellent potential” for medium grade medium tonnage gold-silver vein deposits. However, the conservation values, respectively, include “valuable habitat for native species” and “distinctive geological features and valuable habitat for threatened species”. And yet, their removal is proposed. I cannot tell you how angry this makes me. It is greed.

Great Barrier has “regenerating vegetation”. Did you stop to think why this is? It is “regenerating” because we’ve plundered it before. This is not a reason to do it again. Even via a so-called surgical incision, mining on that island cannot help but transform its unique, unindustrialised, off-grid character. I do not support it.

You refer to Hauraki Hill in the Coromandel, the sole example I could find in the stocktake of an area infested with weed species, and a former landfill site. A number of times now, I have heard you and others extrapolate this to Schedule 4 at large, saying parts of Schedule 4 are just gorse. But by your own account, in the stocktake, this part of the Coromandel is not analogous to Schedule 4 protected areas in any other part of the country. I really abhor that sort of intellectual dishonesty.

Listing conservation and cultural values, as the stocktake does at pp 21-32, is not the same as weighing them. The only evidence I can find of any sort of balancing exercise is in your own foreword, which says:

“The Government has … decided that the conservation values in the vast majority of Schedule 4 areas do outweigh the mineral potential”. And yet, we bulldoze on.

Environmentally sensitive surgical mining is nonsense. The hole in the ground is small, perhaps, but you are tippy-toeing round all the rubbish that comes out. Since it must affect the character of the surrounding areas, the Prime Minister’s analogy was apt, if unfortunate.

You say Schedule 4 holds 40% of the mineral wealth. Surely, then, it would have made more sense to start with the non-Schedule 60%. The reason, I think, for targeting Schedule 4 is this: there are not people, voters, living in national parks. The 60% is uncomfortably close to voters’ own back yards. As is the Coromandel. However, the Coromandel, I think, for you, is about fighting old battles – removing from the Schedule land that National did not want put into it. The broader protection conferred on all Coromandel conservation land, relative to other parts of the country, is a bit of a historical accident, somewhat difficult to defend. But since you were last in government, the world has moved on, in so many ways.

Now to the philosophy. As I’ve said before, you’re dressing up 19th century colonial thinking in the 21st century language of “step change”. From the stocktake, here are two more examples. First, the conservation fund to be established from mining royalties. I don’t care how lucrative it is. It is an apology of a proposal – a platform for mining companies to buy their way into and out of tight environmental corners.

Second, this is only your opening bid. Further proposals for localised removal of land from Schedule 4 may be made in future, after more surveying and prospecting. I think that this exposes misunderstanding of the character and purpose of these precious places – that they only sit there, on ice as it were, until we can find a better use for them. Once the threshold has been satisfied for inclusion in Schedule 4, it should be sacrosanct, a national heritage or taonga, even world heritage in some cases.

This piecemeal approach of yours is going to be a running sore on the government. Apart from anything else it is, politically, a really stupid strategy.

Your biggest problem here is the sloppy, disingenuous nature of the proposal. We simply cannot trust you, or the analysis; the only thing undermined here is your own credibility. On that basis, I am not prepared to support any part of it. Taking what you’ve told us at its highest, I can count on my thumbs areas where I think a case of any sort of merit might be made. Those are not going to lift us from the economic doldrums, I’m afraid.

To recap: this is bad for the environment, our brand, your politics, and your party’s, and it is far from clear it will fatten the public purse. It is fossilised thinking, in every sense.

Comments (13)

by Simon on March 29, 2010

That's an absolutely brilliant post, Claire! I could not agree more.

Have you read Rod Oram's latest? He originally supported the idea of an 'intelligent stocktake' but he now thinks Key and Brownlee can't be trusted at all. (

by Paul McMahon on March 30, 2010
Paul McMahon

You've brilliantly cut through all the crap Claire, well said.

by Claire Browning on March 30, 2010
Claire Browning

Simon, thanks for the Oram link, and kind words. No, I hadn’t seen it, I was head down writing my own … It’s the jaw-dropping laziness and incompetence of this that baffles me, from the third-ranking Cabinet Minister, who is such an old political hand. They knew it was going to be hard-fought and noisy. You’d think the Prime Minister, at least, would try to make sure it was bullet-proof -- he’s not flash on the detail himself, mind you, but not stupid. Either:

  • they’re blinded by the dollar signs?
  • the PM is giving Brownlee enough political rope to hang himself, because some people won’t be told?
  • someone is just a few dates short in the scone department?

 How I wish I’d called the post that.

by Steve Melrose on March 30, 2010
Steve Melrose

On the topic of unfortunate, or perhaps just plain stupid analogies, I was dumbfounded to hear Gerry on national radio the other morning. When pressed on the question of the value of minerals in the schedule four areas, Gerry (who can't keep his mind far from the pantry) responded with something like "It is like a scone, you just don't know how many dates are in it until you bite into it."

This guy should really stay away from analogies. What he said is that we should go and take a bite out of areas to see what they can offer us. He doesn't seem to care what that alone will do. He may even find it was a cheese scone after all, and in the process he’s destroyed pristine areas for what? A bigger waistline?

Another reason to stay away from the pantry Gerry...


by Claire Browning on March 30, 2010
Claire Browning

"It's a bit like two cooks, having an argument over how many dates are in the scones ... until you get the thing you don't know." -- Gerry Brownlee, Radio New Zealand National, Thursday 25 March, 7.17 am

by progger on March 30, 2010


What a scam.  Look at it like this: (the following analogy is based on one that I saw elsewhere..)

I’m the govt, and I know I have a $100 note buried in my backyard. To get it out, I give a mining company the rights to dig there. It costs $90 in effort, wages, infrastructure and so on, to dig it up. The mining company gives me 20c for the privilege, and keeps the remaining $9.80.

In addition, after the miner clears off, I find I have a pool of toxic water and a huge pile of contaminated soil left behind. It costs me $100 to clean up my yard.

And at this point we're not even sure if we think there's $100 there, or as little as $1.

Great letter, too, Claire.

by Barbara Browning on March 30, 2010
Barbara Browning

Excellent. Excellent. Excellent Claire. I have heard it said recently that it is not only gold, silver etc that Gerry has his sights on. Uranium is also high on the list, which puts a whole new focus on the issue.

Steve - great comment.


by Claire Browning on March 30, 2010
Claire Browning

Well ... it's not mentioned in the stocktake, but the list given is a non-exhaustive one:

Our mineral potential includes so-called “rare earth elements”, which are considered globally to be minerals of strategic importance, given very limited players in the global market. They include dysprosium, terbium, erbium and ytterbium, which are critical to technologies such as hybrid and electric cars, wind turbines, computer disk drives, fibreoptic telecommunication cables, low-energy light bulbs and military equipment.

That really would be political dynamite. Maybe the next cross-party politician or journalist reading this needs to ask him. Actually -- hold on a minute -- maybe I will ask him! But I can scarcely believe even he would be so stupid, or so out of touch with middle New Zealand. It sounds like an urban myth, whereas the quest for unobtanium does have quite a lot of good evidence to support it ...

by Claire Browning on March 30, 2010
Claire Browning

ps - for completeness, I do know that it wouldn't be mentioned in the stocktake by any Minister or government with even rudimentary survival skills ...

by progger on March 30, 2010

Beware: by their very nature, those rare earth elements AFAIK can NOT be mined with "surgical" techniques.

by Claire Browning on May 23, 2010
Claire Browning


Rumours about uranium, scurrilously broadcast here on Pundit by none other than my Mother, are not true.

I asked Gerry Brownlee that same day for information about it. His reply says that no advice regarding uranium has been given or received. There were two pieces of related correspondence within the scope of the request: a fact sheet on uranium deposits received from Crown Minerals, and Mr Brownlee’s own response to a Ministerial inquiry on a related subject.

The fact sheet is interesting. It says:


  1. The main use of uranium in the civilian sector is to fuel commercial nuclear power plants.
  2. Under the Crown Minerals Act, subsoil uranium resources are the property of the Crown, whether or not the land in question belongs to the Crown.
  3. The Minerals Programme for Minerals (Excluding Petroleum) 2008 says that permits for prospecting, exploration, and mining of uranium will ordinarily be declined.
  4. There has been historical prospecting and exploration of uranium deposits in New Zealand, including the Buller Gorge, the black sands south of Westport, and rocks at Kawatiri (near Murchison).
  5. There is some occurrence of it. However, concentrations are low, by comparison with high grade international deposits, and in each instance, have been identified as uneconomic.


In the Ministerial letter to an Australian geologist, Mr Brownlee observes that “we do not see the need for nuclear options in New Zealand given the available energy alternatives”.

Similarly, in his covering letter to me, he says: “I wish to reiterate that the Government has no interest in uranium exploration or production in New Zealand”.

Glad we cleared that up. The man with the sooty fingers has a heart of gold, really.


by on March 07, 2012

So a Adidas Jeremy Scott Bones for walking desires these qualities: Cushion - that is really essential on the heel, precisely where probably the most forceful effect happens and, on the forefoot, precisely where you press away with every step.

by danniel on September 04, 2013

Why would he insist on mining in environmentally sensitive places, when he could find other less sensitive places to do it? It seems to me he doesn't really care about what's left behind him. There are plenty of geophysical instruments to help us prospect for new mining areas, he should give them a thought.

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